Domestic violence accusations are common in Colorado, and even when they’re made in the heat of the moment with no accompanying threat of violence these allegations can’t be retracted at the scene or in legal proceedings.
Once domestic violence is reported to police in Colorado, the situation is entirely in the hands of law enforcement and the prosecutor.
Our compassionate attorneys have extensive experience with domestic violence cases, and we understand the emotional nature and severity of domestic violence charges.
How is domestic violence defined in Colorado?
According to the Colorado revised statute, “domestic violence means an act or threatened act of violence upon a person with whom the actor is or has been involved in an intimate relationship…”
Colorado’s domestic violence definition is extremely broad. Intimate partners, for example, do not have to live together or be married to initiate a domestic violence charge.
A domestic or intimate relationship may apply to spouses, former spouses, domestic partners, children, boyfriends, girlfriends, and roommates.
Domestic violence includes physical violence (e.g., hitting, pushing), emotional and verbal abuse (e.g., yelling, intimidating, sending harassing texts), and sexual violence (e.g., forcing a person to engage in an unwanted sex act).
Domestic violence also includes any other crime against a person or their property (such as a pet) when used to coerce, control, punish, intimidate, or exact revenge against a current or former intimate partner.
Do police have to arrest someone if there is probable cause for domestic violence in Colorado?
Colorado has a mandatory arrest policy that requires law enforcement to make an arrest when they have probable cause to believe that a crime involving domestic violence occurred.
Unfortunately, the challenge of determining probable cause on the spot often forces law enforcement officers to make an arrest even if no crime occurred. In Colorado, police consider five factors to determine if there is probable cause for a domestic violence arrest:
If law enforcement officers suspect the presence of any of these indicators—to any degree—they must make an arrest.
What should I do if I’ve been arrested for domestic violence?
First, invoke your right to remain silent. Do not admit guilt or submit to police questioning until you have an attorney present.
Second, get skilled legal representation as soon as possible. As noted below, Colorado fast-tracks domestic violence cases, which means time is limited to enter a plea and gather evidence to support your case.
Do not accept any plea deals or make a plea without legal representation. Any plea aside from “not guilty” may result in penalties and a permanent domestic violence charge on your public records.
What if the accuser doesn’t want to press charges?
Once a person has been arrested for domestic violence in Colorado, there is no going back, even if the accuser decides he or she doesn’t want to press charges.
Suspected offenders will be taken to jail and will remain there until a judge sets a bond amount. Domestic violence charges can’t be dismissed unless a prosecutor declares under oath to the court that he or she can’t prove the case beyond a reasonable doubt.
What is a “sentence enhancer” and how does it relate to domestic violence charges?
Domestic violence is often not a standalone charge. It can be added to a number of other misdemeanor and felony charges, including but not limited to:
In legal terms, domestic violence is often what is referred to as a “sentence enhancer” or “aggravator.” The addition of domestic violence to other criminal charges can affect sentencing in the event of a conviction and also trigger other requirements, such as mandatory counseling.
What is a “fast-track” procedure and how does it relate to domestic violence charges in Colorado?
Colorado developed a fast-track procedure for domestic violence cases in order to ensure victims’ safety and aid suspected offenders in getting the help they need as quickly as possible.
This fast-track process requires arresting officers to complete an incident report the same day a domestic violence arrest is made. Defendants in domestic violence cases are obligated to enter a plea at their first court appearance. Without a good criminal defense attorney by your side, the fast-track experience can be confusing and overwhelming.
If convicted in a domestic violence case, what penalties and consequences are possible?
If found guilty of domestic violence, offenders will be subject to the following:
- Domestic violence counseling and treatment
- A mandatory protection order limiting contact with the accuser and any witnesses for the duration of the case and, if convicted, any sentence
- Probation, the terms of which will vary based on the offense, jurisdiction and other sentencing terms
A domestic violence conviction can also affect your parental rights, employment opportunities, and ability to obtain a loan among other aspects of your life.
Additionally, domestic violence convictions trigger federally mandated restrictions related to gun ownership, government employment, military service, and citizenship status.
Multiple domestic violence charges lead to more severe penalties. Individuals with three prior criminal convictions involving domestic violence will be labeled a habitual domestic violence offender—a Colorado class 5 felony, which includes one to three years in prison and/or a fine of up to $100,000.
How can a criminal defense lawyer help in domestic violence cases?
If you or a loved one was arrested for domestic violence, it’s in your best interests to contact a criminal defense attorney as soon as possible. Time is of the essence to protect your rights and build a strong defense.
Domestic violence charges have serious consequences, and domestic violence cases move quickly due to Colorado’s fast-track process.
The accomplished domestic abuse attorneys at Wolf Law are dedicated to providing personalized representation and fighting for the best possible outcome for those accused of domestic violence.
What can be done about the protection order?
Just like an arrest, a criminal protection order is mandatory in a domestic violence case, per Colorado law. This type of protection order is in effect during your case and may last for the duration of your sentence if you are convicted of domestic violence charges.
You may request that the order be modified at any time while the case is pending or during any sentence. Your request has a better chance of being accepted if you haven’t violated the protection order or been convicted of any other crimes. Completing a domestic violence treatment program may also help a judge look more favorably on your request. Additionally the alleged victim and DA’s position will also weigh heavily on the judge’s decision.
The alleged victim of the case can also request to have it modified or removed at any time.
When can I see my kids?
The answer depends on the details of the protection order. Domestic violence protection orders generally prevent the accused abuser from seeing or contacting the alleged victim(s) and witnesses. Additionally protection orders typically require that you vacate and stay away from the home of the alleged victim, which will often be where your children reside. In many cases, protection orders prohibit the restrained person from seeing their children.
If your protection order prevents you from seeing your children, you must not violate it. The best thing to do is contact a domestic violence attorney. They may be able to work with the court to have the order modified to allow you to visit your children under certain circumstances.
When can I go home?
Generally, a domestic violence protection order prevents you from returning home. This is done to protect the alleged victim. The protection order prevents you from returning home while your case is pending, and possibly afterward, depending on the outcome.
However, Colorado does make an exception to allow you to return home for a short period of time to collect essential personal items. The procedure is called civil standby or civil assist, and it allows you to collect essentials while being accompanied and monitored by a law enforcement officer. It is important to note that you may only obtain undisputed property and that the window of time provided by law enforcement is typically 15-30 minutes.
How does a civil standby work?
Civil standby allows a law enforcement officer to accompany a person as they retrieve necessary personal items from their home during a protective situation. In Colorado, civil standby is required when there is an active protection order.
If you have been arrested for domestic violence, a protection order against you will automatically be created. The order prohibits you from going back to your home after you have been released from jail on bond. The civil standby allowance exists for this situation and allows you to return home to retrieve essential personal items while a law enforcement officer accompanies you. You can request civil standby via your city or county’s law enforcement office.
The law enforcement officer will not mediate between you and your accuser. They will monitor what you take and probably prevent you from taking anything the accuser doesn’t want you to take. Generally, the time limit for a civil standby is 15 to 30 minutes.
If my partner wants this case dismissed, why isn’t it?
Colorado law takes domestic violence charges very seriously. Even if your partner recants or doesn’t want to press charges, the decision to go to trial isn’t left up to them; it’s the DA’s decision.
Additionally, law enforcement officers and prosecutors may be suspicious of a partner who doesn’t want to press charges. They may believe the accuser is experiencing pressure to change their story or that they want the accused person to be able to return home to financially support the family.
Will the DA really go to trial on a case where my partner does not want to?
The DA is the one who decides whether to take a domestic violence case to trial. Even if your partner doesn’t want to press charges, the DA will continue to prosecute if they believe they have enough evidence for a conviction.
A judge may dismiss domestic violence charges only under certain circumstances. Specifically, if the DA declares under oath that they don’t have sufficient evidence to prove guilt (beyond a reasonable doubt), the judge may dismiss the case.